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IARC study identifies new genetic factors linked to HPV-related cancers. Press Release N° 249

A new large-scale genetic study of head and neck cancers shows why some individuals infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) may go on to develop oropharyngeal cancer while others do not. Head and neck cancers are a related group of cancers that involve the oral cavity, pharynx (oropharynx, nasopharynx, and hypopharynx), and larynx.

The study, published today in Nature Genetics, identifies seven new genetic loci (locations of a gene on a chromosome): one that is linked to oropharyngeal cancer and six that are associated with oral cavity cancer, thus providing new insights into the development of these diseases.

The study, led by researchers from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in partnership with 40 other research groups, compared about 6000 people with cancer of the oral cavity or pharynx (cases) with about 6000 people without the disease (controls). The researchers conducted extensive DNA analysis of more than 7 million variants for each individual.

The most prominent finding was an association between oropharyngeal cancer and genetic variation in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region, a genetic region important for regulation of the immune system.

One particular set of variants in the HLA region was associated with a more than 4-fold protective effect against developing oropharyngeal cancer associated with HPV infection. The same genetic variants have previously been shown to protect against cervical cancer, which is known to be associated with HPV infection.

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RD12/0036/0012
Unveiling changes in the landscape of patient populations in cancer early drug development.
Hierro C, Azaro A, Argilés G, Elez E, Gómez P, Carles J, Rodon J
Oncotarget  2017.  8.  14158-14172.  PMID: 27835915. 

RD12/0036/0012
The expanding role of immunotherapy.
Martin-Liberal J, Ochoa de Olza M, Hierro C, Gros A, Rodon J, Tabernero J
Cancer Treat Rev  2017.  74-86.  PMID: 28231560. 

RD12/0036/0012
The consensus molecular subtypes of colorectal cancer.
Guinney J, Dienstmann R, Wang X, de Reyniès A, Schlicker A, Soneson C, Marisa L, Roepman P, Nyamundanda G, Angelino P, Bot BM, Morris JS, Simon IM, Gerster S, Fessler E, De Sousa E Melo F, Missiaglia E, Ramay H, Barras D, Homicsko K, Maru D, Manyam GC, Broom B, Boige V, Perez-Villamil B, Laderas T, Salazar R, Gray JW, Hanahan D, Tabernero J, Bernards R, Friend SH, Laurent-Puig P, Medema JP, Sadanandam A, Wessels L, Delorenzi M, Kopetz S, Vermeulen L, Tejpar S
Nat Med  2015.  11.  1350-6.  PMID: 26457759. 

RD12/0036/0012
Subgroup analysis in RAISE: a randomized, double-blind phase III study of irinotecan, folinic acid, and 5-fluorouracil (FOLFIRI) plus ramucirumab or placebo in patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma progression.
Obermannová R, Van Cutsem E, Yoshino T, Bodoky G, Prausová J, Garcia-Carbonero R, Ciuleanu T, Garcia Alfonso P, Portnoy D, Cohn A, Yamazaki K, Clingan P, Lonardi S, Kim TW, Yang L, Nasroulah F, Tabernero J
Ann Oncol  2016.  11.  2082-2090.  PMID: 27573561. 

RD12/0036/0012
Single-cell transcriptome conservation in cryopreserved cells and tissues.
Guillaumet-Adkins A, Rodríguez-Esteban G, Mereu E, Mendez-Lago M, Jaitin DA, Villanueva A, Vidal A, Martinez-Marti A, Felip E, Vivancos A, Keren-Shaul H, Heath S, Gut M, Amit I, Gut I, Heyn H
Genome Biol  2017.  1.  45.  PMID: 28249587. 

RD12/0036/0012
Sequence variation in mature microRNA-608 and benefit from neo-adjuvant treatment in locally advanced rectal cancer patients.
Sclafani F, Chau I, Cunningham D, Lampis A, Hahne JC, Ghidini M, Lote H, Zito D, Tabernero J, Glimelius B, Cervantes A, Begum R, De Castro DG, Wilson SH, Peckitt C, Eltahir Z, Wotherspoon A, Tait D, Brown G, Oates J, Braconi C, Valeri N
Carcinogenesis  2016.  9.  852-7.  PMID: 27381831. 

RD12/0036/0012
SEOM Clinical Guideline for the treatment of pancreatic cancer (2016).
Vera R, Dotor E, Feliu J, González E, Laquente B, Macarulla T, Martínez E, Maurel J, Salgado M, Manzano JL
Clin Transl Oncol  2016.  12.  1172-1178.  PMID: 27896637. 

RD12/0036/0012
Second-line therapy after nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or after gemcitabine for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Chiorean EG, Von Hoff DD, Tabernero J, El-Maraghi R, Wee Ma W, Reni M, Harris M, Whorf R, Liu H, Shiansong Li J, Manax V, Romano A, Lu B, Goldstein D
Br J Cancer  2016.  9.  e13.  PMID: 27657342. 

RD12/0036/0012
Second-line therapy after nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or after gemcitabine for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Chiorean EG, Von Hoff DD, Tabernero J, El-Maraghi R, Ma WW, Reni M, Harris M, Whorf R, Liu H, Li JS, Manax V, Romano A, Lu B, Goldstein D
Br J Cancer  2016.  2.  188-94.  PMID: 27351217. 

RD12/0036/0012
Resistance to Targeted Therapies in Renal Cancer: The Importance of Changing the Mechanism of Action.
Duran I, Lambea J, Maroto P, González-Larriba JL, Flores L, Granados-Principal S, Graupera M, Sáez B, Vivancos A, Casanovas O
Target Oncol  2017.  1.  19-35.  PMID: 27844272. 

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